Art is almost as old as humankind itself. Art in all its forms is determined by the time in which an art piece was created and it expresses the humanity’s ideas, desires, needs and the hopes of each society imprinting a situation that takes place in a given moment of history. Simultaneously however, art advances beyond these limits that are determined from a specific period in time and it creates a promising constant growth. In all its forms of development, art always includes a certain amount of magic that fascinates people and helps them tame an unexplored world.
Art offers people a balance with the world around them and since is not permanent, this means that art was not only important in the past, but it will always be equally important to us. There is something about art that expresses an inalterable truth, which is exactly what fascinates us just when we look at paintings made by our ancestors.
People feel the need to enjoy all kinds of art, poetry, painting, music, theatre and etc, because they enjoy identifying themselves with a painting, with a musical piece or with the characters of a novel or a play. Our tendency to respond so strongly to the non-real makes us perceive it even more intensively than we perceive the reality itself. Through art we experience a freedom that everyday routine deprives from us and even though art captures us with a completely different way than reality, this momentary captivity constitutes of a contentment that is even caused by an art piece or a play that portrays a dramatic or tragic theme.
It is obvious that human beings wish to be something more just who they are. They long to feel completed. They want to escape the limits of their own life and be involved with something outside themselves, something however that is essential for them at the same time. They try to connect their limited ego to art in more universal existence, in order to make their individuality more social. Brecht points out that in a society, the direct result of an art work is to depress the social discriminations in order to create a whole that is not separated in casts, but is universal. Carl Jung portrays that the contents of the personal unconscious and more particularly, the collective unconscious, could be accessed by art and other forms of cultural expression.
The artist’s work is a process that is highly conscious and rational, in the end of which the work of art appears to have tamed reality. In order to be an artist one should be able to capture, preserve and alter any experience into memory, the memory into expression and the expression into shape. One should also know art, enjoy it and understand the rules, the forms and the way with which they can tame reality and conquer it in the convention of art.
In the alienated world we live, we should portray social reality with a fascinating way, through a new light and through the estrangement of the object and the characters. An art piece should fascinate the observers not only with a passive identification to themselves, but with the involvement of logic, which requires thought and decision, so the spectator does something more productive than a simple observation of an art piece. Through art individuality becomes second and what comes first is sharing the experience with others, because art helps us express our endless capability to sympathise with different ideas and experiences. Aesthetics and Art 2008, G.Zografidis, G. Kougioumoutzakis.
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